ETHICAL PRACTICE -- ENRICHMENT MATERIAL

This page will also serve as the Enrichment Material Page for the
the new PHL 379 Ethics and Decision Making: Visions, Values and Virtues for Leadership
offered  for the first time Fall 2005
Additional material shall be added as needed to support that class. (JGS)

A.  MY OWN APPROACH TO TEACHING ETHICS
 

                Whatever else I do, I always include the material noted below.
                            This material is expanded elsewhere on this enrichment page.

                  Much of what is below can be found -- since summer 2005 -- in my book
                         Living Large:  Transformative Work at the Intersection of Ethics and Spirituality (Laurel, MD: Tai Sophia Press, 2004)

     1.  My approach begins with our class mission -- with its seven aspects:

 to (i) Come to Life more Fully
so as
to (ii) ACT
(iii) more Wisely
and (iv) more Effectively
to (v) Reduce Suffering
and to (vi) Promote Possibility
(vii) for our Common Life

        a) To Come to Life More Fully:  The mission highlights a POSITIVE APPROACH to ethical practice -- i.e. LIVING LARGE
 
        b)  To ACT:  The mission notes that ethical practice is ACTION-ORIENTED / ACTION-GUIDING..

        c) More Wisely and More Effectively:  The mission is CHARACTER-BASED.  Full ethical action springs from one's character --
                                one's good habits of  attitude and action.   It involves the intersection
                                of Stephen Covey's three aspects of a virtue or habit of good character:
                                                (i) "knowing what to do,"(acting wisely)  
                                                (ii) "knowing how to do (acting effectively) and
                                                (iii) "wanting to do" -- the commitment-motivational factor

        d) The mission brings in the first ETHICAL CRITERIA:
                To reduce (unecessary or surplus) suffering and
                to promote (constructive) possilitity
                        for our common life.  --------------------------------->   "Our common life" points to the Traffic Light Model -- Red and Gold

     2. The focus on the social nature of ethics -- "our common life" takes us to the Traffic Light Model -- with its

                outer criteria - the RED of what is good for the whole and
                                          the GOLD of what is fair to each participant part -- and with its

                inner criteria -- the GREEN of responsibility

     3.  The Traffic Light Model is used in two forms -- to describe minimal ethics and to describe aspirational ethics
                [The Three Houses of Ethics are a background to this.]

     4.  RED: The Good of the Whole  -- wholes are of different sizes -- think of the three nested domains: 
                            The Planetary/ Interconnectedness/ Web of all life
                            The Political / Insitutional (e.g. economic, governmental, educational and religions instutions among many others)
                             The Personal / Interpersonal

     5.  GOLD: Golden Rule Fairness and the dignity of persons
                    [Distinctions between Manipulative Persuasion, Respectful (Non-manipulative) Persuasion, and
                        Paternalism as a half-way house between them.  This introduces the Kantian notion of
                            persons as equal, rational and free.)

    6.  Institutions and the Six Step (or Star of David) Model for Ethical Decision-making.

   7.  Ethical development -- at some point, I will introduce material from the work of Kohlberg and Gilligan
            and my own work.

    8.  Then a move to the meta-level examining Red of community (utilitarian theories) and the Gold of persons
        including human rights and extending the discourse to other beings of intrinsic worth (Kantian and
        rights-based theories) and the Green of responsibility (response-ability) linked with virtue theory and
        moral development.

Currently in Ethics and Decision Making, I am using an approach that utilizes the following four texts, in the order below:
 
                                     
John G. Sullivan,  Living Large: Transformative Work at the Intersection of Ethics and Spirituality
                                      Peter Senge,  C. Otto Scharmer, Joseph Jaworski, Betty Sue Flowers, Presence: Human Purpose and the Field of the Future
                                      Zander and Zander, The Art of Possibility
                                      James Rachels, The Elements of Moral Theory

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B.  GENERAL REMARKS ON PHILOSOPHICAL ETHICS:

    a)   Primary Criteria for Ethics

    b)    Our Approach to Philosophical Ethics  (Includes some obstacles to ethics
           plus comparisons of Philosophical Ethics to Religious Ethics and Law)

    c) Ethics According to the "Three Houses" Model

    d) Material on the Seven Domains   -- Note: More recently, I am using a simplified version of these domain --
                                                                         highlighting the Planetary Domain, the Institutional Doamin and the
                                                                         Interpersonal Domain -- and noting for each surface and core levels.
                                                                         See section on this page devoted to The Paradigm Conspiracy.
 
    e) Notes on Practice -- the Fundamental Distinction and
                                the Notions of Small Mind and Large Mind

    f) How our Ways of Understanding and Responding can be too small

    g) A Comparison of Minimal Ethics and Aspirational Ethics -- Two
           Iinterpretations of the Traffic Light Model     [Note:since Fall 2002, I have passed out in class a slightly different way to
                                                                                        think of minimal and aspriational ethics.]
    h) Four Levels of Morality -- a Look at Ethical Development from a Cultural Perspective

    i) Remarks on Cultural and Ethical Relativism

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C.   SPECIAL MATERIAL FOR COURSE: ETHICS AND DECISION MAKING-- FALL 2005

     a)  FourVersions of Ethics + comparison  philosophical ethics vs. religious ethics vs. law

     b)  Integral Knowing-Doing  --
a view of Bernard Lonergan's theory of knowing that places ethical decision making within the frame of knowing and acting
                                                         in general                  

     c) Ethics as Method --
a look at ethics as method that outlines a position between ethical absolutism (that does not allow revision) and ethical relativism
                                             (that does not allow criteria).  The discussion starts with a historical overview, moves from the one sentence mini-method to the Six
                                                Step Model of Ethical Decision Making..  This paper shows similarities between philosophical ethics and science.

     d)  Presence and Theory U  -- integrating Theory U with the Five Element / Five Seasons Model

     e)  Breaking the Spell of Separateness -- a litany for shifting conversations from the six seductive S's of the Modern Epoch
                                                                                 to intersufficiency, interbeing, interweaving of seen and unseen, intergenerational time and interdoing
                                                                                    (intercollaboration, intersynergy) of the Emerging Ecological Epoch.
   
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D.  MATERIAL ON ETHICS FROM A WESTERN PERSPECTIVE --
           Especially Ethical Decision Making on the Institutional Level and Above:

    1)  Manipulative Persuasion, Non-Manipulative (or Ethically Respectful) Persuasion,
                 and the Half-Way House called Paternalism

    2) Material on the TRAFFIC LIGHT Model + on the Nature of Instititutions
           together with definitions of Racism, Sexism, Ageism and Speciesism

             a) The GOLD of the Traffic Light Model --
                     Reflections on PERSONS -- material on Kant and others

            b) The RED of the Traffic Light Model --
           Reflection on COMMUNITY and the COMMON GOOD --
                                 material on Bentham, Mill and beyond

  3) The STAR OF DAVID or SIX STEP Model for Making Ethical Policy Decisions

  4) Two Views of Moral Development:
           the work of  Lawrence Kohlberg and the work of Carol Gilligan
 
  5) Notes on Principled Living and Principled Negotiations

  6) United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights + United States Constitution Bill of Rights

  7) The Earth Charter

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E.   MATERIAL ON ETHICS FROM AN EASTERN PERSPECTIVE:

   1) Eightfold Path and Shortened Form of the Five Wonderful Precepts

   2)  The Eightfold Path as a Spiral Path -- How the Path Appears Differently at
                                                                  Different Stages of Our Journey

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F.  SOME NOTES on the book The Paradigm Conspiracy by Breton and Largent

             a) Paradigm Conspiracy -- A Bird's Eye View
 
            b) Domains, Surface and Depth Levels within Domains and the Wholeness Principle

seeing the universe story in its surface physicaSOME NOTES on the book The Paradigm Conspiracy by Breton and Largent

             a) Paradigm Conspiracy -- A Bird's Eye View
 
            b) Domains, Surface and Depth Levels within Domains and the Wholeness Principle

seeing the universe story in its surface physical and meaning dimensions
        and orienting to the wholeness principle at its depth;
seeing the institutional story in its surface organizational, behavioral and meaning/value dimensions
        and orienting to the wholeness principle at the institution's depth purpose/ vision/ task;
seeing each "individual-embeddual" story in his or her surface bodily, behavioral and
    meaning/value dimensions
        and orienting to the wholeness principle at his or her depth.
             c)   Paradigm Analysis and the Twelve Step Model

             d)  Notes given on February 28, 2005 for review of some sections of Paradigm Conspiracy.l and meaning dimensions
        and orienting to the wholeness principle at its depth;
seeing the institutional story in its surface organizational, behavioral and meaning/value dimensions
        and orienting to the wholeness principle at the institution's depth purpose/ vision/ task;
seeing each "individual-embeddual" story in his or her surface bodily, behavioral and
    meaning/value dimensions
        and orienting to the wholeness principle at his or her depth.
             c)   Paradigm Analysis and the Twelve Step Model

             d)  Notes given on February 28, 2005 for review of some sections of Paradigm Conspiracy.
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Essay -- Plagiarism and the Challenge of Essay Writing:  Learning from our Students
                by Dr. Janice Newton, Department of Political Science, York University

    This essay accompanied a presentation at the June 1995 annual conference of the American Associationb of Higher Education, Boston, MA.  Elon College was granted permission by the author to share this essay.  The essay coame to us from the Center for Academic Integrity, an organization housed at Duke University.  Elon joined this organization in the Fall of 1999.
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