ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY ENRICHMENT PAGE



A)  Overview -- the Earliest Period:  600 - 500 BCE

                   Notes on the Presocratics
 

B)  The Golden Age of Athens:         500 - 400 BCE

    The time period of Socrates -- (i) 1st  30 years -- the war against Persia.
                                                                    this was over when Socrates was born;
                                                             (ii) middle 40 years -- as a youth to adult,
                                                                    Socrates watched the glorious
                                                                    rebuilding of Athens and lived when
                                                                    Pericles ruled and the  great  dramatists
                                                                    were writing;
                                                               (iii) last 30 years -- the war between Athens
                                                                        and Sparta.  Plato born c. 430.
                                                                        Socrates later years leading up to his
                                                                        trial and execution.

      Socrates and the Sophists
                    plus a Longer Look at Greek Philosophy
 

C)  The Evening of the Greek Experience  ---     400 - 300 BCE

      Part IPlato

                After Socrates' death, Plato founded the Academy.
                Aristotle comes to study under Plato and then to become his
                            colleague at the Academy.  He spent  20 years at the academy
                            -- until Plato's death in c. 350 BCE

                  Notes on the Phaedo and on Plato's Mature Doctrine
                                                              of the Forms and Sensibles

                  Notes on Plato's Republic
 

     Part II: Aristotle

          After Plato's death, Aristotle was passed over for the presidency
                of the Academy.  He went off to do some marine biology research
                and then returned to Athens to set up a school of his own, the
                Lyceum.  Later he was called back to Macedonia by King Philip to
                tutor Philip's son, the future Alexander the Great.  Aristotle died in
                322 BCE, a year after his pupil Alexander's untimely death.

              Overview on Aristotle

              General Notes on Aristotle's Ethics

              Aristotle on Community, Justice, Philia, Equity and Politics
                    (The above site also has a brief comparison Aristotle on philia
                        and Confucius on the five relationships + at the end a look at
                        Plato and Aristotle in terms of what the share and how they diverge
                        on the issue of the forms or kinds or true nature of things.)

        Review for Final Exam  

Papers of Excellence on Plato -- Fall Semester 1999

    A.  Stephen Snyder's paper "Socratic Authority"

    B.   David Schleicher's paper "Socrates was a Sophist?

    C.  Nancy VanHeest's paper Feminism and Plato
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